Документы жизни и деятельности семьи Нобель том 4 - Мелуа А.И
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Dr. I. Heusler (Germany) releases new data on the early cooperation of the Nobel family and the Rudolf Diesel’s Family. This cooperation in the late 19th - early 20th century accelerated the implementation of Rudolf Diesel's invention. Soon the engines of the new design had wide dissemination in Russia and other countries. Johan Heusler in his article continues telling the story of the Kolomna Plant. He provides new important data on cooperation between the Nobel Family and German entrepreneurs. He also publishes some documents from Nuremberg city archives. Bertold Bing suggested founding the Russian Society of Diesel Engines, a limited liability company, in Nuremberg. He became the chairman ofthis society. Company owners included RudolfDiesel (200,000 German marks), Bertold Bing (100,000 German marks), Swedish banker Markus Wallenberg (100,000 German marks), and Immanuel Nobel, First Guild Merchant in St. Petersburg (600,000 German marks). On October 16, 1902 the Kolomna Machine-Building Plant acquired a license. The agreement was signed by the plant representative, N.K. Antoshin, and the Society representative Immanuel Nobel (not as the representative
of the Nobel Company in St. Petersburg but as a representative of the Nuremberg Society, of which he was the main owner). Cooperation between German, Swedish and Russian engineers more than 100 years ago became the foundation of future development of the diesel industry.
Professor V. Okrepilov and Ekaterina Bychkova present several documents illustrating the work on the Kolomna Machine-Building Plant in the late 19th - early 20th century. This plant had been one of the largest partner companies of the Nobel Family enterprises. The Kolomna Machine-Building Plant had made an important contribution to development of Russian railroad, shipbuilding and energy sectors. It was founded in 1863. In 1863-1898 the plant was managed by brothers Amand and Gustav Struve. The plant in Kolomna grew fast. Its machinery and equipment were imported mostly from Paris and London. The Struve family has also been famous for their other large engineering projects. Amand Struve oversaw construction of the Liteiny Bridge in St. Petersburg. In 1877 Amand Struve was sent to Romania to build a floating iron bridge across the Danube near Zimnicea. At the end of the 20th century the Kolomna plant remained the leader of the Russian steam engine manufacturing industry. However, the plant also produced river and sea ships, some of them ordered by the Nobels. The Kolomna Plant began working with diesel engines after the Ludwig Nobel Plant in St. Petersburg had acquired from Rudolf Diesel a license to produce and use diesel engines. The first engine of this type, made in Kolomna, was installed at the Vyksa Plant. Entrepreneur Anton Lessing was on the management board of the plants in Kolomna and Vyksa. This collection presents a detailed overview of industrial production on the plant in those years.
Director of Almaz Shipyard Museum, Igor Baskakov, Ph.D. in Technical Sciences, publishes three series of documents in the area of construction and maintenance of industrial sites in St. Petersburg. The first article pertains to the exchange of letters between the offices of the Main Board of Railways and Public Buildings and I. Nobel in 1850-1854. Immanuel Nobel was the head of the Nobel family, and Robert, Ludwig, Alfred and Emile were his sons. These letters were addressed to the office of the Military Governor General of St. Petersburg, and concerned obtaining a permit to build new facilities on the territory of his iron foundry and mechanical plant. These issues were considered by the Design Office of the 1st District of Railways Ministry. After a lengthy exchange of letters, I. Nobel’s petition was approved.
The second article was dedicated to the problem of construction at the I. Nobel and Sons Plant in 1855 - 1860, unsanctioned by St. Petersburg authorities. The exchange of letters related to demolition of wooden sheds continued for five long years. Even on the eve of the announcement of his company’s bankruptcy on June 9, 1858, I. Nobel wrote personally to the 1st District Office of Railways Ministry regarding «demolition of
two wooden sheds which were located in close proximity to neighboring buildings, and presented congestion and fire hazards». The end result of this correspondence is not clear because the final documents are missing. But we may assume that when after two years Ludwig Nobel had paid back his father’s debts and opened in 1862 the Ludwig Nobel Cast Iron, Copper, Steel and Boiler Plant, this insignificant issue had been solved.
The third article discusses litigation between the Nobel Brothers Partnership and the Sea Ministry. The litigation concerned the accident with the Vandal, an oil tanker that had belonged to the Nobel Brothers Partnership, which occurred on September 4, 1907. At 6 a.m., as the tanker stood moored at the Partnership’s own pier in the Sea Canal and the kerosene was being pumped into the containers onshore, the Emir Bukharsky, a mine cruiser, passed through the Canal at high speed. The wave created by the passing ship was so powerful that the ropes holding the Vandal snapped, and the 6 inch copper ball joint through which the kerosene was being pumped, broke. This resulted in a kerosene leak. The Sea Ministry did not hurry to recognize its fault and compensate for the damages. The case was seen in the St. Petersburg Commercial Court. The court ordered that the Sea Ministry pay compensation to the Nobel Brothers Partnership.