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Документы жизни и деятельности семьи Нобель том 3 - Мелуа А.И

Мелуа А.И Документы жизни и деятельности семьи Нобель том 3 — Гуманистика , 2011. — 481 c.
ISBN 5-86050-341-5
Скачать (прямая ссылка): dokumentiigizni2011.pdf
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Honoring Russian history and paying tribute to the important role played in it by the Nobel family, FSI Test-St. Petersburg initiated the publication of a book entitled «Alfred Nobel in St. Petersburg» and a three-volume compilation «D.I. Mendeleev and the Science of Measurements», which tells the stories of life and work of all members of the Nobel family. Several other books have been prepared
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and published. The activities of the Nobel Family in Russia have been represented in the collection of the FSI Test-St. Petersburg Museum.
Additional Information on the People Mentioned in the Article:
Alexander I Pavlovich (12 (23) December 1777, St. Petersburg - November 19 (December 1), 1825, Taganrog) - Russian Emperor (since 11 (23) March 1801), eldest son of Emperor Paul I and Maria Feodorovna. Alexander actively promoted development of Russian industry, science and commerce. Initiated establishment of the 1 million ruble «manufacturing capital» fund for loans to manufacturers. Allowed incorporation of joint-stock commercial and industrial companies. These and other measures helped create favorable conditions for foreign industrialists and businessmen in Russia. Immanuel Nobel was one of such foreign businessmen.
Nikolai I Pavlovich (June 25 (July 6), 1796, Tsarskoe Selo - February 18 (March 2), 1855, St. Petersburg) -Russian Emperor from December 14 (December 26) 1825 to February 18 (March 2), 1855, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland. During his reign, took a number of important administrative and legislative measures aimed at developing Russian industry. In the 1830s Nicholas I oversaw development of laws establishing the right of private ownership of land and real estate. The Emperor allowed insurance business, which subsequently led to the Nobel brothers establishing savings banks for their employees.
Alexander II Nikolaevich (17 (29) April 1818, Moscow - 1 (13) March 1881, St. Petersburg) -Emperor of Russia, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland (1855-1881). Entered the Russian history as the author of wide-ranging reforms. Was known as Liberator Tsar in pre-revolutionary Russian historiography for abolishing serfdom in 1861. This well-known initiative of Alexander II led to the inflow of new workforce into the Russian industry, creating conditions for its rapid development. The new workforce was actively used at the Ludwig Nobel Iron, Copper, Steel and Boiler Plant (later known as Russian Diesel), which opened in 1862.
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Vyshnegradsky, Ivan Alexeevich (December 20, 1831 (January 1), 1832), Vishny Volochek - March 25 (April 6), 1895, St. Petersburg) - Russian scientist (specialist in the field of mechanics), and statesman. Founder of the theory of automatic control, Honorary Member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1888), Russian Minister of Finance in 1888-1892. Vyshnegradsky took an active part in the work of the Imperial Russian Technical Society, helped popularize scientific ideas of Ludwig Nobel, and participated actively in the work of the Russian Technical Society.
Jacobi (Moritz Hermann von), Boris Semenovich
(German: Moritz Hermann von Jacobi); September 21, 1801, Potsdam - February 27 (March 11), 1874, St. Petersburg) - Russian physicist, academician of the Imperial St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. Initiator of the uniform metric standard for all countries-participants of the Meter Convention of 1875. In 1865 B.S. Jacobi was appointed Russian representative to the International Committee for the introduction of the unified system of measurements. Proposed making standard reference units - prototypes of metric measures of length -using his specially designed galvanoplastic methods.
Mendeleev, Dmitri Ivanovich (January 27 (February 8), 1834, Tobolsk - January 20 (February 2), 1907, St. Petersburg) - Russian encyclopedic scientist, public figure. Chemical and Physical Engineer, physicist, metrologist, economist, engineer, geologist, meteorologist, teacher, balloonist, instrument maker. Professor at St. Petersburg State University, Corresponding Member of the Physical Section of the Imperial St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. Mendeleev had closely followed the development of the oil industry, and highly valued the work of the Nobel family, especially in the Baku region.
Shostakovich, Dmitri Boleslavovich (11 (23) October 1875, Narym - November 24, 1922, St. Petersburg) - first head of the St. Petersburg Weight and Measures Calibration Station (1903-1911). The Station proved its value under his leadership, and the network of such institutions rapidly expanded. D.B. Shostakovich had formed a highly professional team, actively promoting acquisition of cutting-edge metrology equipment and developing new work methods.
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ПРОБЛЕМА ИЗМЕРЕНИЙ И ОЦЕНКИ КАЧЕСТВА В ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ СЕМЬИ НОБЕЛЬ
В.В. Окрепилов*
История нобелевского движения находит отражение в десятках тысяч архивных документов. Все они нуждаются в тщательной систематизации и глубоком осмыслении. Удачным шагом в этом важном деле является публикация издательством «Гумани-стика» большинства документов, касающихся деятельности семьи Нобель. В двух предыдущих томах уникальной книги «Документы жизни и деятельности семьи Нобель» были представлены патенты на изобретения, а также научные труды, подготовленные членами семьи Нобель и работавшими на их предприятиях специалистами.
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